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Wicked Lightning

lightning

Sitting on the porch the evening of June 30th 2018 we viewed a strange and beautiful sight. Lightning without a BANG! So we began to video this event. Then we explored for more facts on lightning. We hope you enjoy this video as much as we did that evening and the information.

Lightning Types

Lightning strikes the ground, the air, or inside clouds. There are roughly 5 to 10 times as many cloud flashes as there are cloud-to-ground flashes.

There are two types of ground flashes: natural (those that occur because of normal electrification in the environment), and artificially initiated or triggered. Artificially initiated lightning includes strikes to very tall structures, airplanes, rockets and towers on mountains. Triggered lightning goes from ground to cloud, while “natural” lightning is cloud to ground.

In cloud-to-ground lightning (CG), a channel of negative charge, called a stepped leader, will zigzag downward in roughly 50-yard segments in a forked pattern. This stepped leader is invisible to the human eye, and shoots to the ground in less time than it takes to blink. As it nears the ground, the negatively charged stepped leader is attracted to a channel of positive charge reaching up, a streamer, normally through something tall, such as a tree, house, or telephone pole. When the oppositely-charged leader and streamer connect, a powerful electrical current begins flowing. A return stroke of bright luminosity travels about 60,000 miles per second back towards the cloud. A flash consists of one or perhaps as many as 20 return strokes. We see lightning flicker when the process rapidly repeats itself several times along the same path. The actual diameter of a lightning channel is one-to two inches.

A typical cloud-to-ground flash is a negative stepped leader that travels downward through the cloud, followed by an upward traveling return stroke. The net effect of this flash is to lower negative charge from the cloud to the ground. Less common, a downward traveling positive leader followed by an upward return stroke will lower positive charge to earth.

CLOUD FLASHES

Cloud flashes sometimes have visible channels that extend out into the air around the storm (cloud-to-air or CA), but do not strike the ground. The terms sheet lightning or intra-cloud lightning (IC) refers to lightning embedded within a cloud that lights up as a sheet of luminosity during the flash. A related term, heat lightning, is lightning or lightning-induced illumination that is too far away for thunder to be heard. Lightning can also travel from cloud-to-cloud (CC). Spider lightning refers to long, horizontally traveling flashes often seen on the underside of stratiform clouds.

Lightning Mapping Arrays provide three-dimensional mapping of lightning channel segments over the array. Up to thousands of points can be mapped for an individual lightning flash to reveal its location and the development of its structure. Research LMAs exist in Oklahoma, the Texas Panhandle, northern Alabama, Washington D.C., and Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Large thunderstorms are capable of producing other kinds of electrical phenomena called transient luminous events (TLEs) that occur high in the atmosphere. They are rarely observed visually and not well understood.

The most common TLEs include red sprites, blue jets, and elves.

Red Sprites can appear directly above an active thunderstorm as a large but weak flash. They usually happen at the same time as powerful positive CG lightning strokes. They can extend up to 60 miles from the cloud top. Sprites are mostly red and usually last no more than a few seconds, and their shapes are described as resembling jellyfish, carrots, or columns. Because sprites are not very bright, they can only be seen at night. They are rarely seen with the human eye, so they are most often imaged with highly sensitive cameras.

Blue jets emerge from the top of the thundercloud, but are not directly associated with cloud-to-ground lightning. They extend up in narrow cones fanning out and disappearing at heights of 25-35 miles. Blue jets last a fraction of a second and have been witnessed by pilots.

Elves are rapidly expanding disk-shaped regions of glowing that can be up to 300 miles across. They last less than a thousandth of a second, and occur above areas of active cloud to ground lightning. Scientists believe elves result when an energetic electromagnetic pulse extends up into the ionosphere. Elves were discovered in 1992 by a low-light video camera on the Space Shuttle.

The Above information was acquired from: The National Severe Storms Laboratory

Enjoy:
Angel ❤

Published: July 1, 2018

Smoke Alarms, which one?

Fire, one of natures magnificent elements, used for cooking, heating and even entertainment purposes, but it can also be a deadly foe. Did you know it only takes minutes for an established fire to spread through your home, but its often not the fire that would ultimately kill you first… its the smoke, vapors, fumes and gases produced by the fire and the decomposition of its fuels that can take your life before the fire even has a chance to take hold…

Many toxins can be produced from an active fire, some of which include: carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, heat, aldehydes and acrolein (from burning wood/cellulose) and in our current way of living with multi possessions, these items can contain Polyurethane(PU), and the many chemicals used to make synthetics which are also in our carpets, furniture coverings, curtains, cushions, floor lacquers, toys, tvs, etc… in a word DEADLY when exposed to fire/high heat.

All of the items in our homes and the homes themselves have different rates of heat tolerance till they start to produce vapors which can ignite, aka flash point, the point at which items can no longer sustain and then combust. Flash over is when all the items in the room have produced enough vapors which all ignite at once, including the smoke plume which by this point has accumulated in the ceiling head space, even carpets which also produce vapors from all the heat from the active fire will ignite. There are plenty of examples YouTube showing demonstrations of flash point and subsequent flash over, please check them out.

A burning vehicle can be deadly in its own right, synthetics and natural fibers decompose in heat to become a dangerous cocktail of gases strong enough to extinguish a persons life in minutes, even seconds. The danger can also be present for some time after the fire has long been extinguished.

So what can we do to protect ourselves in the event of an outbreak of a fire? Its something we’ve been told for years now, so why do so many people still perish in such preventable situations? Many factors need to be considered here, sadly the gases emitted from fires cannot be detected by the human nose while we are in deep sleep as our body shuts off certain systems so that we may rest, one of these is the sense of smell, and while we are sleeping is usually when most fires break out and get a foot hold, this is why we all should have smoke detectors.

Smoke detectors can save lives, but with so many different ones available, which ones are the best to have, and where should they be placed? Ionization or Photoelectric? in short, the DUAL which has both! and if you can only get one, the Photoelectric is the best! (I also recommend at least one CO-carbon monoxide detector, as CO is a silent scentless killer).

There are lots of “smoke detectors”, ones that will detect smoke at low rates and raise an alarm to alert you to the impeding fire, while these are good, they are not the best detectors to have, with all the gases being produced at the same time the smoke is entering your hallways, its the gases that can kill you so a DUAL Photoelectric/Ionization detector is the best choice, the Photoelectric sensor will “see” the smoke activity before the smoke is detected alarming earlier, eg, smoldering, and slow moving fires, and the ionization element of the alarm will detect fast moving fires and could save your life.

URGENT-To check which one you currently have, take the battery case back off and if you have a nuclear symbol and no “eye/camera” on the front, it is an ionization detector, get a Photoelectric or a dual Photoelectric/Ionization detector” instead!!! and if you cannot reach your alarm, and you do not have anyone you can ask for assistance, Im sure you can go to your local Fire Brigade and ask for help, prevention is key.

It is also imperative that you become familiar with the upkeep of the detectors, i change the batteries twice a year, and i find the best time to do this as its easy to remember is daylight saving changes, on the days that the clocks change, so do my detector batteries, i always use good long life alkaline, NOT Lithium! Lithium batteries can be unsafe in their own right, but that is a topic for another day (and oh boy, are you all in for a shock!) in short Lithium batteries, when they fail WILL vent with flames (and yes, you all have lithium batteries in your phones, ipods, ipads etc.. so look after them, even a hard thud can disrupt the inner workings and reactions in a lithium battery, and depending on what other elements are used to make the battery, eg. Li-Po [lithium polymer], can make this reaction worse, there are some lithium battery combinations that inherently safer, eg Li-Mn[lithium manganese] which vent with high heat not flames, and see, iv e gone off in that tangent, ok, back to topic, if you want more info on battery safety, please message and I will write a piece on those). And always replace your detectors by the stated expiry dates!

Also, that annoying “BEEP” you may hear could be your detector telling you the battery is need of a change, DO NOT IGNORE THIS, IT WILL GO AWAY and you WILL forget it needed doing!

I find the best placement for detectors is this: Dual detectors in all bedrooms, lounge rooms/living rooms, laundry, basement, dining room etc, I would also recommend a Carbon Monoxide detector to be placed in your hallways and if you have a basement, one in there also. I do not use detectors within the space of a kitchen as they do like to applaud cooking at times, and then get pulled down and sometimes forgotten, so one outside the doorway is usually where i put mine. If you have ducted heating or AC in your home, the detectors in each room will earn their worth as fire can travel much faster due to the ducts connecting the rooms, especially roof space ducts.

Fire safety is not something to be ignored, it can and does happen to anyone, one small fire coal displaced from a fireplace can sit and smolder for hours on end till it produces enough heat to produce vapors around itself to ignite the surrounding surfaces, wiring can be corrupt and smolder within walls, even large piles of leaves and or garden mulch can decompose deep within the pile and smolder till it ignites, and if its beside your home or garage can lead to disaster!

One important thing to note, fuel does not burn, VAPORS do… so please, be safe, make a check list and follow it, make sure all is turned off at night, if you have an open fireplace, make sure its out or well guarded, and please, please, do not put items too close to a heat source, no matter how safe you think you are by being close to “keep” an eye on Aunt Mildred’s washing as it dries quicker, her lovely polyester pants may heat enough to help you fall asleep and then OOOPS up she goes… DO practice fire drills, have a plan, always have a plan, a fire will cause chaos on a grand scale, so a plan will bring order and a clear mind.
“Get down Low and Go Go Go”!

If you have any questions, please feel free to ask and ill answer to the best of my abilities.
Angel ❤

Published: December 2, 2017

Drug Metabolism and how it affects us

drugs

Ever wondered why some people can take a drug once and become addicted? Leading them hopelessly into further addiction and decline? hopefully this will help you to understand the reasons why and how this can happen. I will also do a breakdown of all the drugs currently floating around our universe and how they affect us and include them in seperate pages for you. For this section though, i will use their current street names… Please feel free to save or even print this info if you know someone who could benefit from this knowledge.

This will be explained in the most understanding terms here, just to give you an idea how the system of metabolism works, I will explain in further detail in another section if you are interested in knowing the finer details.

In the class of Opiates we have drugs such as Heroin, Morphine, Codeine, Oxycodone, etc, each of these is different in how it breaks down, and how long they take to break down once they are in your system.

To break down the drugs in ones system, imagine if you will the wonderful character that is Pacman, we have something similar known as our Enzyme-Cytochrome P450 (CYP). Once you have injected, snorted, smoked or even orally ingested, the drug enters your blood stream and your cells, starting the process of metabolising. Your body has a built in defence system to recognize the drug as a poison and wants to eliminate it fast, so it sends in our Pacmen, the Cytochrome P450s to break down the poison. This is where things get tricky for a first timers as this poison has not enetered before so there are not many P450s to get moving around the system, producing the longer effects of the drug (and also can lead to whats commonly known as "chasing the dragon" for the same high that was first produced). You see, once this poison has entered and is seen as a poison, more of these P450s are produced, bit like starting an army in a sense. The affect is accumalitive, the more you use the drug, the more of these enzymes are produced and are waiting for the drug. Once our little Pacmen break down the drug, it is further cleaned out through our liver, kidneys and passed out as urine and even in our stools.

So what happens next? the person has now become addicted/dependant to/on the drug, the high is getting less, so more of the drug is needed to produce the high… bit like trying to send more troops in, but our defences are always producing more troops to counteract, till you reach a point where the drug is only taken to feel "normal", and to stop going into a state of withdrawal, which leads us to the next stage, why do we go through withdrawal?

Once our body has become completely accumulated with the P450s, sitting in the wings waiting for the enemy poison, without the drug, they start to die, producing the well known affects of nausea, vomiting, diahorria, cramping, muscle cramping, muscle twitching, and the sweats, it can be very devastating to go through.

Now this not going into the purity, dosage and toxicity that is within these realms, but i will say this: Opiates are known as a Depressant, and that doesn’t mean you get "depressed" it actually means that it depresses the Central Nervous System, which can slow your breathing to an almost stop, and in some cases death.

Using any drug is putting your life in the hands of the person that made the drugs, you dont know where it came from, if they are clean, or even if they are made the same way everytime, the purity depends on the makers and all the midway points before it even reaches you, it could be cut several times and have anything added to it, including other cheaper made drugs thrown in to make the amount of drug go further… and ive only mentioned basic opiate metabolism here.

Angel ❤

Published: December 2, 2017